Archive for October, 2010

Fitness during Pregnancy

During pregnancy,you need to take special attention to your body and the care that you take of yourself is not only important for the present health but, it decides your future health as well. So, fitness during pregnancy has multiple benefits.To be healthy throughout your pregnancy and to fight the pains related to child birth, you need to be fit. To be fit, you need to do exercise as it boosts your strength and capacity during the entire postnatal period and during labor.

Benefits of Fitness During Pregnancy
Some of the benefits of exercises are :

  • Gracious Look: Exercise increases the blood circulation and this increased flow of blood makes your face glow. Fitness gives the body the required movement.
  • Give you an energy boost: Regular bouts of exercise can help you in both the first and second trimester. Brisk walking can make you feel healthy and energised. It mainly keeps your muscles well toned and strong.
  • Get you ready for your baby’s birth: It gives you strength to cope with the entire labor process. It requires a lot of determination, focus and stamina. Do exercises like low-impact aerobics or walking and fitness during pregnancy is a preparation for the hard work that is ahead.
  • Ease pregnancy niggles: Exercise strengthens and stretches your muscles as it eases back pain and tones up your abdominal muscles.
  • Reduce the risk of some illnesses: Fitness during pregnancy helps to reduce the chances of preeclampsia. Keeping yourself fit can guard you from diseases like gestational diabetes.
  • Fend off the pregnancy blues: Pregnancy can make you tedious and boredom can set in you. So, to have a positive outlook do exercises or go foe aqua-natal class, Pilate’s or yoga.
  • Help you sleep better: Exercise can help you in getting a good, deeper and a restful slumber.

Hence fitness during pregnancy is a very important factor as it helps you to lead a healthy life throughout and even after pregnancy.

Pregnancy

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Quitting Smoking while Pregnant

When a woman who smokes knows that she is pregnant then she must stop smoking immediately. But, some of the aids used for smoking can be dangerous and may cause harm for the baby. Quitting smoking while pregnant is not an easy task but, not tough either. There are many ways to quit smoking without much stress in your life. It will surely take some time to stop smoking, but, till then one should take the required measures or precautions to stop smoking for a good and balanced mental and physical health. When you plan to quit smoking while pregnant, use the natural methods.

Instructions to Stop Smoking While Pregnant
Some of the instructions to stop smoking are as follows:

  • When you are on the verge to stop smoking, try to use fat drinking straws or chew on them. This keeps your mind and as well as your hands busy. This chewing of the straw can be done for a long period of time which helps in curbing the desire to smoke.
  • Avoid the use of alcohol and caffeine especially during pregnancy. When you are strongly on a mission to quit smoking alcohol and caffeine can make you crave for nicotine. It is always better to avoid non-alcoholic beverages during this phase.
  • When you have a strong urge to smoke then try to take a hard candy and keep straw also in hand. Drink lots of water as you suck on this hard candy and your hands should be busy with the straw. Always remember to keep your hands and mind also busy when planning to quit smoking.
  • Eat foods that are healthy like those which have low fats and calories especially when you are quitting smoking while pregnant. You can gorge on saltine crackers, carrot sticks, yogurt and fruits as these are beneficial for morning sickness as well.
  • Try to participate in hypnosis to stop smoking and this could be done by visiting a professional hypnotist or can be done with a self-hypnotist.These procedures can be repeated more than one time during pregnancy.

Pregnancy

Quitting Smoking While Pregnant and its Risk Factors

Smoking while pregnant can increase the risk for many factors like abnormalities in the placenta, low birth weight, premature birth, sudden infant death syndrome, limb-reduction deformities, child-hood allergies and asthma. Those babies who are exposed to nicotine are more likely to become adult smokers. There are some risks involved in quitting smoking during pregnancy all of a sudden.

Risks of Quitting Cold Turkey
Those women who are very heavy smokers are at a risk of suffering from seizures when they quit smoking suddenly. There is a speculation that nicotine withdrawal symptom like emotional stress can lead the chemicals in the mother’s blood to cross the placental barrier and cause fetal distress. It is also said that those women who smoke heavily are at a higher risk of having seizures if they quit smoking. Cold turkey is nothing but the sudden and complete withdrawal from any addictive substance.

A Safer Route
Tobacco should be weaned off slowly. So, instead of stopping it all of a sudden do it gradually. To reduce the risks try to get down to five cigarettes a day and to reduce the harmful chemicals from smoking light only the cigarette tips. According to the Association of Pre and Prenatal Psychology and Health, talk to the baby as this results in reassurance and creates awareness that promotes bonding. This releases hormones in the mother’s blood which reaches the placenta and provides a sense of well being to the baby.

Reverse The Risk Factors
Do you think it is easy to reverse the adverse affects caused by quitting smoking? Though it is not an easy task as smoking can result in flooding the blood stream with the poisoning gas carbon monoxide. Chlorophyll present in parsley, spinach, kale, dark green lettuce and spirulina improves the iron cells that carry oxygen in the blood. Fresh juices or raw spinach can be made as a juice with vanilla, bananas, dates and water for a green, yummy smoothie. Start slowly and then slowly increase.

Natural Remedies for Nicotine Addiction
Glutamine is another amino acid that reduces the cravings of nicotine . There are no side effects related to glutamine during breast feeding or pregnancy. But consult your doctor before taking glutamine.

Pregnancy

High End Food Requirements for Babies

Posted by EightNine on Oct 5th 2010

One can say with certainty that the feeding habits of babies can be challenging. There are specific baby nutrition requirements that must be met in all circumstances. The parent will need to go out of their way to ensure that the feeding program for the child is geared towards providing these essential nutrients. There are certain foods that will be introduced into the diet including tuna, salmon and some Omega 3 foods. These are meant to ensure that the nutrient needs of the baby are never ignored.  Good nutrition will help the babies keep colds and allergies at bay. There are some foods that contain iron which will be of the utmost importance in the planning of the diet for the baby as well as the execution of the same. Eggs are an easy option but they might be controversial if taken in quantities that are just too high for the baby. This article explores some of the most important food types that will be of benefit to the baby at this stage of their life.

Iron for babies

The baby nutrition care requires that iron is provided in sufficient quantities. The iron will be important for ensuring that the brain development of the baby is assisted as much as possible.  The specific functionalities that are helped include thought processing and the prevention of motor deficiencies. Although babies are born with large amounts of stored iron, there is a need to supplement this provision after four to five months.

The premature babies will certainly need iron supplementary diets right from the beginning. This is because the iron accumulation is concentrated during the trimester session of the pregnancy. This is when the premature babies are already born. It is said that their supply of iron will be held back by about three months earlier than the fully grown babies. The paediatrician might recommend iron supplements in certain cases. The baby nutrition care program has to be flexible enough to accommodate these changes.

A daily dose of iron will not go amiss. Formula is able to complement the iron reserves effectively in ways that might be beyond breast milk. At the time when the body starts to eat solid food then the parent should select the items that have the best chances of providing iron. Between seven months and twelve months the baby will have to be given 11 mg of elemental iron in any given day. These might rise to 7 mg between the first and third years of life.

The dietary process has to complement the baby nutrition requirements of the child. For example the baby might be given iron fortified cereal at a rate of about 1.5 ounces a day. The foods that might be of relevance in this respect include beef, chicken, turkey and even halibut. Avocado, broccoli, baked potatoes, eggs, chickpeas, soybeans, prunes and spinach will be particularly rich in iron for the baby. It is said that iron deficiency is very common amongst children in the USA. This is surprising for a developed country such as this.

The calcium requirements of the baby

In simple terms the baby needs calcium. It is one of the cornerstones of any effort to implement an effective baby nutrition program. It will enable the baby to achieve that all important bone mass as well as the structures that will make them active in the future. A failure to provide sufficient levels of calcium can lead the baby to develop frequent fractures. In many ways the breast milk as well as the formula will be able to meet the needs of the child for the first year. When the baby goes onto whole milk then the daily requirement will be about 500 milligrams.

A glass of whole milk or even six ounces of yogurt will give the baby about 250 mg of calcium. The foods with the mineral include cheese, orange juice, tofu, salmon, white beans, broccoli, oatmeal and tomatoes. The baby nutrition care program requires that the baby is given sufficient levels of calcium in order to develop a healthy bone structure. In the times when the child gets to puberty, the calcium will be very important.  If the baby is obese or has a history of diabetes or cardiovascular disease then it is probably a good idea to give them milk that has been skimmed for fat.

The zinc requirements of the baby

Zinc is one of those minerals that ought to be included within the baby nutrition. It has a great effect on cognitive ability as well as immunity. It will improve the growth of cells as well as their repair in case of damage. Children that are not given sufficient quantities of zinc will suffer from impaired growth as well as the susceptibility to infection and running stomachs. The formula will meet the requirements until about 1 year. However breast milk alone is not enough. Children between seven months and three years of age will require about three milligrams per day.

The zinc elements of the baby nutrition care process can be met through servicing of pork tenderloin which has 2 mg for three ounces of the meat. A cup of yogurt will have about 1.6 mg while half a chicken breast has 1 mg. Generally speaking beef, turkey, fish, lentils, eggs, cheddar cheese, fortified cereal and whole milk have good quantities of zinc. The foods that provide iron are likely to provide zinc as well so it is a bonus for the parent in terms of planning meals effectively.

The vitamins for the baby

The baby nutrition care program has to include vitamins A, D, E as well as K. The children will need vitamin A for good vision and a vibrant skin. The presence of vitamin D will increase the absorption of calcium. This in turn will help with the prevention of bone deficiencies. With vitamin E the baby can benefit from the antioxidant elements so that cell growth will remain unimpeded in any sense of the word. The nervous system also requires that there is provision for the vitamin in sufficiently large quantities. Vitamin K is given the task of helping with clotting.

There is provision for a shot of vitamin K at the birth of the baby so that they do not bleed into the brain. The infant formula will meet the requirements for A, E and D for the first year. Children that are breastfed will require supplements including Tri VI Sol. The child should be given a variety of foods from the pyramid including vegetables and fruits in order to get all these vitamins. Cow milk can also be a good source for the vitamins. Parents are advised to feed their children egg yolks, fish, cereals, vegetable oil, grain, leafy vegetables, soya bean oil, fruits and supplements. It is said that about 40% have low levels of vitamin D and therefore the parents have to pay attention to this issue.

The importance of vitamins C and B

These are essential parts of the diet and the baby should be fed in such a way that they can access sufficient quantities. It is said the vitamin C will improves iron absorption. It also helps to keep scurvy at bay. One of the symptoms of this condition is the large bruise marks on the body. With vitamin B and folic acid, the baby will have a better immune system as well as a well developed nervous system. It also helps to keep a healthy skin and muscle tone. Cell growth will be promoted with the presence of these vitamins. They also help to regulate metabolism.

Vitamin C improves iron absorption and helps prevent scurvy, a condition that causes large bruises on the body. B vitamins, including folic acid, enhance the immune and nervous systems, maintain healthy skin and muscle tone, promote cell growth and regulate metabolism. The food period provides sufficient sources of the nutrients. In discussion baby nutrition care, we cannot forget that the means of the parent will be an important influencing factor in all the decisions that are made. Generally speaking fruits, dairy products, vegetables, certain fats and whole grains will give enough provision for these nutrients. These are water soluble vitamins that are widely available. Therefore there is absolutely no excuse for failing to give the baby sufficient quantities of the stuff right at the beginning.

Citrus fruits and tomatoes contain good quantities of vitamin C. It is also found in strawberries, potatoes and cantaloupe. Green vegetables contain folic acid while bread can also supplement the provision. Fortified cereals should be part of the ladder for people with babies. Brown rice can provide vitamin B. It is also available in eggs, beans, meat, bananas, fish and poultry. Even where the children do not seem to like the vegetables, the parents should be persistent. In the end they might end up liking the food. Most of the things that we enjoy as adults were not exactly popular when we first got introduced to them.

Baby Nutrition Care Tips With Ideas…

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Bleeding During First Trimester of Pregnancy

Many women observe spotting or bleeding during their first trimester of pregnancy and some experience bleeding throughout the pregnancy. This is common with around 10%of women experiencing some type of bleeding but it may not be the same as the one that you have during your periods.
During the time of pregnancy, a woman’s focus is to nourish her baby. This makes your brain send signals to the uterus not to menstruate. Most of the time, mild bleeding is seen and does not pose any danger to the unborn baby. But, there are some risks related to bleeding especially in the later stages of pregnancy. It is important to know the factors that cause bleeding and the symptoms that you need to know.

Bleeding During Early Pregnancy

  • Bleeding during the early months of pregnancy is very common with around 1 in every 4 women experiencing it.
  • If you notice some vaginal bleeding then it is common to think that you have got your period.
  • This bleeding is not your period but, it could be due to any other cause like the implantation bleeding.
  • Some may have bleeding for about 10 to 14 days after fertilization which is caused by the egg implanting in the uterus.
  • When the egg finds a shelter for itself in the uterus that can disrupt the lining little bit causing very light bleeding.
  • Implantation bleeding is not a worry it it is mild but, if it gets heavy and continues for many days then consult a doctor.
  • There are chances of a woman suffering from incompetent cervix which can cause painless dilatation of the cervix with mild spotting.
  • In threatened miscarriage there is spotting or bleeding seen. So, if you observe spotting or bleeding along with cramps, fever or chills then the first step is to consult a Health Care Professional as soon as possible.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy is another dangerous condition where the fertilized egg implants itself in the fallopian tubes. This is another condition where bleeding is seen and is a life threatening condition if not treated immediately.
  • The cervix changes to accommodate the new baby and there is an increased blood supply to the cervix during early pregnancy. This could result in slight bleeding which is normal but if you have a heavy flow then consult your doctor.

Hence, light bleeding is normal but, if the vaginal bleeding is heavy and lasts for many days then you need to consult a doctor to diagnose your case immediately before any complication occurs.

Pregnancy

Look After Your Health and Beauty During Pregnancy

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Baby Development Milestones

Teenage Pregnancy Complications

The March of Dimes which is a well known American health charity organization, whose aim is to improve babies health by preventing premature birth, infant mortality and birth defects. According to this organization, America has the maximum number of teenage pregnancies. Pregnant teenagers are at a high risk of pregnancy complications. There are many complications like premature birth, Poor health habits and sexually transmitted diseases that take a toll on the teenage mother and the unborn baby. Some of the complications are listed below.

Premature Birth

  • Teenage mothers are at a high risk of delivering premature babies or low birth weight babies.
  • Premature babies have immature organs and the lungs especially are not matured that results in respiratory dysfunction.
  • The baby may be placed on a ventilator till the lungs start functioning normally.
  • These babies also can suffer from bleeding in the brain, intestinal problems and vision loss.
  • According to the March of Dimes babies born to teenagers are 100 times more prone to die in the first years of life.
  • Teens who do not gain weight are three times more likely to have preterm birth.
  • Among all the races, African-American teens have a high risk of giving birth to low-birth weight babies.

Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD’S)

  • Unsafe sexual practices can put these teens to contract sexually transmitted diseases.
  • According to the March of Dimes, about nine million of cases are among the age group of 15 to 24 years.
  • There are nineteen million cases of STD’s every year.
  • Chlamydial infection is another STD that is transmitted during the birth process to the baby.
  • This infection causes pneumonia and severe eye infections.
  • Syphilis is another disease transmitted sexually that causes blindness and infant or maternal death.
  • Gonorrhea is another infection that may cause blindness, meningitis, septic arthritis and pneumonia in the newborn.
  • HIV that causes AIDs also can be transmitted to the newborn through the placenta.

Health Habits

  • Teens have very poor health habits like poor eating habits, smoking, drug and alcohol abuse and engaging in unsafe sex.
  • This can put the infants at a greater risk for chemical dependence, infections and poor intrauterine growth.
  • According to the March of Dimes, teen girls smoke more when compared to women over the age of 25.
  • Smoking is another reason for premature birth, placental problems and sudden infant death syndrome.
  • Teens who are addicted to methamphetamine or cocaine and babies born to these teens go through withdrawal symptoms like a high pitch, screaming cry and feeding difficulty.

Pregnancy

Pregnancy Diet in First Trimester

Eating is another challenging issue during pregnancy and especially in the first trimester. So, you need to know what foods to avoid as this can optimize your health. Pregnancy diet in the first trimester can be very difficult because this is the phase when your body is just adapting to the changes that has occurred inside your body. Many of the women have felt as if some alien force has invaded their body.

In the first trimester, lack of appetite is one concern due to morning sickness. So, you need to eat five or six small meals rather than three big ones. This keeps the metabolic rate stable and reduces constipation, gas, heart burn and bloating. In the earlier days of pregnancy, just an additional 300 calories every day is enough for your baby to grow normally. Some women are constantly hungry and in such cases, its good not to gain excessive weight in the initial phase as a higher caloric intake is important in the later stages of pregnancy when the babies grow rapidly.

First Trimester Diet “Do’s”
Some of the do’s for the first trimester are as follows:

  • If you have a problem with the smell of foods then eat foods at room or cold temperature as they tend to reduce the odor present in such foods.
  • Gorge on dry, bland snacks like popcorn which does not cause an imbalance to the digestive system.
  • Avoid foods and snacks that are very spicy and oily.
  • Nausea is another common problem that every women faces during the first trimester. So, to avoid it have crackers.
  • Drink plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration.
  • Sip fluids between meals as this can reduce bloating.
  • You can drink fluids that are chilled or frozen.

First Trimester Diet “Dont’s”
Some of the things that you are supposed to avoid during pregnancy are:

  • Do not eat sea foods that includes mackerel, swordfish and shark that contains high amounts of mercury.
  • Avoid these foods throughout pregnancy.
  • Limit the intake of other sea foods to two servings a week.
  • Do not eat raw meat like raw sushi as they contain bacteria that causes food poisoning.
  • Avoid the intake of raw eggs as they may cause salmonella infection.
  • Drink juices only if they are pasteurized as they can be contaminated with bacteria.
  • Do not eat liver or liver dishes like chopped chicken liver and pates.
  • Liver is a good source of iron, but it has vitamin A in huge quantities which could be unhealthy for the baby.
  • Stop drinking alcoholic beverages during pregnancy as it may lead to serious fatal defects like fetal alcohol syndrome.

So, follow these pregnancy diet tips in the first trimester and along with this try to do mild exercise to increase the energy and to avoid excess weight gain during the first trimester of pregnancy.

Pregnancy