Archive for June, 2011

Sleep and Wakefulness on Newborn Care

Sleep and Wakefulness on Newborn Care During the first weeks and one months of the baby‘s life the topic of sleep – the parents’ as well as the baby’s – dominates parents’ consciousness. On a six-times-a-day feeding schedule, parents don’t sleep much, and like the dieting person who craves food and fantasizes about eating luscious [...]

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Top Ways to Avoid Miscarriage

A miscarriage is something that happens within the first 15 weeks of pregnancy. There are 2 main reasons for a miscarriage. The first is that the embryo is weak and is not strong to develop into a healthy baby. The second is the environment of the womb that is not compatible for the baby to grow. There are many ways to avoid a miscarriage. So, prevent a miscarriage from occurring, you need look into these two reasons of a miscarriage.

Ways to Avoid Miscarriage
Here are some of the ways that you can follow to have a healthy pregnancy:

  • Regular Check-ups
    If you have had a miscarriage before then you must be extra careful when trying to conceive after a miscarriage. Even if it is your first pregnancy, you must be extremely careful. The best way to avoid a miscarriage is to go for regular check-ups and detect for any abnormalities in the beginning. This is done so that it can be corrected. When a couple decides to conceive, both must go for a regular check up. They must do certain pregnancy tests to increase their chances of getting pregnant. You may be asked to some tests apart from the regular check ups. They include:
    • Blood clotting tendency.
    • Chromosome testing.
    • Cervical strength.
    • Quality of semen.
    • Hormonal imbalance.
    • Immunity against German Measles (Rubella and Mumps).
  • Maintain a Healthy Diet
    The diet plays a crucial role in maintaining the preconception health. It helps in making the environment conducive and nurturing for the embryo. Apart from the diet that has all the nutritious food groups, you need to make sure that there are many other health supplements that can be consumed. Some of the supplements include zinc, folic acid, fats, proteins, and vitamin C along with supplements like calcium. Take these supplements after consulting your doctor.
  • Avoid Stress
    There are many ways to prevent a miscarriage. Avoid stress by thinking happy thoughts. When you get stressed out and live by having negative feelings and thoughts, all you do is to create an acidic environment for the fetus. This can harm the baby as it has been proved scientifically that the kind of thoughts a mother has during pregnancy; creates a direct effect on the baby. If you are tensed and stressed, then the baby will be affected severely. This is the reason why mothers are advised to be happy and are asked to do things that makes her happy. So, all you need to do is to have positive thoughts and enjoy every moment of your great journey to motherhood.
  • Exercise
    You need to do some form of pregnancy exercises or any relaxation techniques like tai chi or yoga. This is done to keep your body free from diseases and keep it fit. You must not do strenuous exercises that cause you more harm than good. If you had been exercising before your pregnancy then you can continue. However, always consult a doctor about the degree and kind of exercises you do.

Things to Avoid
There are some things that you must completely stop when you decide to conceive. These are some simple changes in your lifestyle. These are some of the other things that you need to avoid. They include:

  • Completely quit smoking, stop drinking alcohol, and use of drugs i.e. substance abuse. This is not for the female partner, but also for the male partner as well. This is done because these bad habits can severely affect the semen quality and thereby affects the health of the baby. This increases the chances of miscarriage.
  • Avoid junk foods and caffeine as they are fully packed with bad fats that is bad for your health.
  • Avoid X-rays, and use of electrical appliances like sleeping on a water bed, food from microwave, or using an electrical blanket, etc.
  • When you are planning to conceive, you must make sure that you do not get infected with herpes as taking certain medications can make your chances of conceiving impossible.
  • Do not expose yourself to pollen, cat or dog litter, pesticides, paint fumes, and insecticides.

These are some of the simple ways to avoid miscarriage. I hope that you would keep these points in mind before trying to conceive. Be happy, eat healthy, and think positive. These would surely help you to have a healthy pregnancy.


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Risks of Teenage Pregnancy

The National Campaign for Preventing Teen Pregnancy and The Guttmacher Institute, have reported that around 750,000 girls between the age of 15 to 19 become pregnant in a year. Though the statistics has lowered in the recent years, sill the number of teenage pregnancies are high. There are many risks of teenage pregnancy, which can include social, psychological, emotional, and physical risks for both the teen mom and the unborn baby as well. Read on to know more about the risks of teenage pregnancy.

Teenage Pregnancy – What are the Risks?pregnantteenager
Here are some of the risks related to teen pregnancy:

Medical Risks

  • The National Institutes of Health, has reported that teens are at a high risk of developing medical complications during pregnancy than adult women.
  • Children born to teens are at a higher risk for premature birth, low birth weight, and retarded fetal growth.
  • The Mayo Clinic has reported that teens are at a great risk for medical complications as they are unaware of the prenatal care required for a healthy pregnancy.
  • They are also unaware of the consequences of unprotected sex and substance abuse. This can result in getting contracted with sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) as well.
  • Pre-eclampsia is a medical condition, where a pregnant teen experiences a very high blood pressure and high protein in the urine.
  • Pre-eclampsia results in an early delivery of the baby and there is a risk of death for both the mother and the baby as well.

Emotional and Psychological Risks

  • The American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, have reported that pregnant teens have conflicting emotional changes of not wanting to have a baby, being overwhelmed by fear and anxiety, and they have unrealistic anticipation.
  • The Mayo Clinic states that pregnancy results in an alienation from her peers due to decreased chances of graduating from her high school. This results in lack of stable employment, depression and poverty.
  • This emotional turmoil causes an undue stress on the teen mother. This finally leads the teen mother to neglect her child.

Social Risks

  • Teen mothers drop out of school to raise their child. They themselves do not have proper education, which results in financial instability.
  • The National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy suggests that the society pays the expenses for teen pregnancy. However, if the teen is unfortunate with no solid support system then the stress of financial instability and lack of peer support can add additional barriers in teen parenting.

These are some of the dangerous risks of teen pregnancy.


Tips for Nesting During Pregnancy

Like expectant bird, mama cats, and mother hamsters, even human moms-to-be show a powerful nesting instinct. Nesting during pregnancy is the excitement or the surge of energy, where a woman has a long list of things like cleaning and buying. Being wrapped in the excitement is good, but this can sometimes hamper their health as well. Here are some tips that might guide you to make use of that energy during pregnancy.

Tips for Nesting During Pregnancy
Here are some of the tips that you need to follow during pregnancy:

  • Do not paint the baby’s nursery and perform exercises that are suggested by your doctor regularly.
  • Do not breathe in strong fumes. Check the safety of the chemicals while disinfecting your house.
  • When cleaning the cat litter box, use rubber gloves or you can make someone else do it.
  • Avoid gardening or yard working to avoid contact with dog, cat, feces.
  • Throw away the stale food and stock your fridge with fresh food. You need to have a healthy pregnancy diet.
  • Complete the registration formalities in the hospital well in advance. Pre-registration would save your time when your delivery date arrives.
  • Pack and recheck your bag depending up on the list provided by the hospital.
  • Restock the pantry with healthy foodstuffs like nuts, soups, whole-grain crackers, canned beans, vegetables, fruits, pasta, sauces, brown rice, etc.
  • Arrange the baby clothes, diapers, etc in a tidy way as you would need them when you bring the baby home.
  • During the last three weeks, you need to cook food in large quantity and store the food in the fridge. This is done so that you can heat the homemade healthy food in the microwave, especially after returning from the hospital.

Nesting during pregnancy can be experienced by the mother before few weeks or prior to the onset of labor. It is just an instinct that makes you prepare for welcoming the baby.


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Nesting instinct that a woman develops during pregnancy is described as a symptom like morning sickness or food cravings. You might have observed that some pregnant women clean everything even at the odd hour during the night madly. This is an uncontrolled urge that makes them clean the entire house during pregnancy. This crazy urge is described as nesting during pregnancy. This occurs automatically through an emotional instinct or it can be biological as well.

Nesting is the primary instinct that makes you do all sorts of things that are necessary for the preparation of a good nest for the unborn baby. Most women do not even know that such an instinct or symptom is listed under pregnancy symptoms. They just go crazy and they do certain activities like cleaning the kitchen, rearranging the cupboards, and keeping the house neat and tidy. Read onto know some of the other activities that pregnant women usually perform as a part of nesting.

Nesting During Pregnancy – What are the Activities?
Here are some of the activities that a woman performs during pregnancy:

  • Disinfecting the kitchen and the other rooms.
  • Washing, ironing, sorting, and folding baby clothes continuously.
  • Discarding the towels and sheets and bringing the new ones.
  • Repacking the packed labor bag.
  • Purchasing new clothes.
  • Reorganizing the things in the cupboard.
  • Cleaning and washing the car.
  • Decorating and preparing the baby nursery.
  • Stocking the kitchen with foodstuffs, even when the stock is full.
  • Cleaning the kitchen cabinets.
  • Rearranging the wardrobes neatly again and again.
  • Rearranging the furniture’s.
  • Throwing the unwanted stuffs from the closets.
  • Scrubbing every nook and corner on the floor.
  • Mopping the floor several times a day.
  • Cleaning the bathtubs and toilet.

You can easily mark the difference by observing a normal woman performing the above activities and a pregnant woman doing the above tasks. What would you observe? You would observe that a pregnant woman performs these tasks more persistently and meticulously than usual. This is all about nesting during pregnancy.


Leading Causes of Teenage Pregnancy

Teenage pregnancy is an unintended pregnancy during the phase of adolescence. According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, have stated that approximately 750,000 of girls in their early and late teenage years become pregnant each year. They do not even believe that they would become pregnant if they engage in sexual activity. However, there are some factors or certain causes of teenage pregnancy. As you read on, you would come to know some of the pre disposable factors of teenage pregnancy.

Causes of Teenage Pregnancyteenage

Here are some of the factors that result in teenage pregnancy:

  • Peer Pressure
    During the period of adolescence, teenagers are pressurised to make friends to fit in with their peers. Most of the time, teens allow their friends to influence on their decision to have sex even when they don’t understand the consequences associated with the act. Teenagers engage themselves in a sexual activity as it is a way to appear sophisticated and cool. But, in most of the cases it results in an unintended or unplanned pregnancy. The Kaiser Family Foundation have stated that nearly 29% of the pregnant teens have been pressurised to have sex, whereas 33% of teens felt they were not ready for sex, but put a step forward as they feared rejection or ridicule.
  • Absent Parents
    Teens are more likely to become pregnant if they have no guidance or very limited advise from their parents. Most of the parents are so busy with their hectic life that they do not provide the support and guidance to their young teenagers. They do not teach them to make decisions on sex related issues and various other problems that their teens are facing. When a teen feels that their parents are too busy to talk to them about such issues or another reason is that they ate forbidden sex talk. Either of the above, she will turn to her friends for advise on whether to have sex or not to have, resulting in misinformation. This leads to possible teen pregnancy.
  • teen

  • Glamorization of Pregnancy
    The media and the movie industry contribute to teenage pregnancy by glamorizing it in movies or news stories. According to the ABC’s “Good Morning America” – “ certain movies depict teenage pregnancy as a thing to be desired, which encourages the teens to engage themselves in reckless sexual activity.” During adolescence, teens are more focused on the way they appear and how their peers perceive them. They just feel that if teen pregnancy is considered as a positive thing in their school or among their friends, then they seek to become pregnant as a way to get the social acceptance.
  • Lack of Knowledge
    Teenagers who are not educated about sex have more chances of having an unplanned pregnancy. Some do not understand the emotional and biological aspects that are associated with a sexual activity. Teens get incorrect information from movies, videos, sitcoms, and friends lastly. Many of the times, teens do not even have proper knowledge to make responsible decisions on whether to engage themselves in a sexual activity, which can actually change their life Topsy turvy.
  • Sexual Abuse or Rape
    Teenagers can become pregnant as a result of rape or sexual abuse. According to the Guttmacher Institute, states that around 43 and 62% of teens have acknowledged the fact that they were impregnated by adult males. Nearly 2/3rds have reported that the father of their babies are as old as 27. Nearly 5% of all the teen births are a result of rape.
  • teen-pregnancy

  • Teenage Drinking
    Teen drinking is another cause that results in an unintended pregnancy. Most of the teens experiment with alcohol and drugs. Use of drugs and drinking alcohol can lower the ability of a teen control her impulses. This is another reason that contributes to about 75% of pregnancies that happen between the ages of 14 and 21. Nearly 91% of the pregnant teens have reported that they were drinking during that time, but did not plan to have sex and that it happened unknowingly.

These are some of the leading causes of teen pregnancy. Whatever might be the reason for teenage pregnancy, it does change the life of a teenage girl completely upside down. So, do think twice before you indulge in a sexual activity, especially when you are a teenager.


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Top 7 Benefits of Exercising During Pregnancy

Pregnancy is an extremely wonderful phase, but it does bring some of the problems with it like back pain, nausea, and vomiting. For many of them, exercising may sound like a chore. However, here are some seven excellent benefits of exercising during pregnancy and you would love it for sure.

Exercising During Pregnancy – What are the Benefits?Exercising During Pregnancy
Here are some of the benefits of exercises during pregnancy:

  • Boost your Energy
    Pregnancy can completely weaken you, but if you exercise regularly then it would surely help you through the daily tasks. It helps you to cope up with the demanding schedule. Exercise strengthens your cardiovascular system and so, you do not tire easily. With toned and strong muscles, you may not have to put more effort in your daily activities like sitting through meetings in your office or going for grocery shopping. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) have stated that taking part in 30 minutes of exercising everyday is generally safe. However, if you suffer from any complications like any medical condition during pregnancy then talk to your health care provider and just follow their advise.
  • You Sleep Better
    Exercise helps you work off any energy and tire you enough to put you to a deeper and restful sleep. So, exercise everyday to get a better sleep.
  • Reduce Pregnancy Discomfort
    Exercise stretches the muscle and strengthens them by helping your body cope better. The pains and aches of pregnancy vanishes. It eases back pain, swimming strengthens the abdominal muscles, and walking improves the circulation.
  • Prepare for Childbirth
    Exercise strengthens your body and makes it stronger for the labor and delivery process. During Labor a pregnant women needs determination, stamina, and focus, which she gets through exercise alone. It eases labor by shortening the delivery time. So, start exercising to get these benefits.
  • Reduce Stress
    A study has stated that exercise boosts the the serotonin levels, which is a chemical that makes you feel elated. It can make you feel ecstatic because having a child is the most life-changing and momentous experience.
  • Improve your Self-Image
    Exercising makes you active. It also makes you feel better about yourself. It also helps you in gaining a healthy weight. This in turn improves your self-image.
  • Get Back to Pre-pregnant Stage After Delivery
    When you have exercised regularly by toning and strengthening your muscles all through the pregnancy, your body will have an easier time to get back to the pre-pregnant stage after child birth.

These are some of the benefits of exercising during pregnancy. I hope that you have understood these benefits. So, all you need to do is to start exercising to have a healthy and happy pregnancy.