Teenage pregnancy is an unintended pregnancy during the phase of adolescence. According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, have stated that approximately 750,000 of girls in their early and late teenage years become pregnant each year. They do not even believe that they would become pregnant if they engage in sexual activity. However, there are some factors or certain causes of teenage pregnancy. As you read on, you would come to know some of the pre disposable factors of teenage pregnancy.
Causes of Teenage Pregnancy
Here are some of the factors that result in teenage pregnancy:
- Peer Pressure
During the period of adolescence, teenagers are pressurised to make friends to fit in with their peers. Most of the time, teens allow their friends to influence on their decision to have sex even when they don’t understand the consequences associated with the act. Teenagers engage themselves in a sexual activity as it is a way to appear sophisticated and cool. But, in most of the cases it results in an unintended or unplanned pregnancy. The Kaiser Family Foundation have stated that nearly 29% of the pregnant teens have been pressurised to have sex, whereas 33% of teens felt they were not ready for sex, but put a step forward as they feared rejection or ridicule.
- Absent Parents
Teens are more likely to become pregnant if they have no guidance or very limited advise from their parents. Most of the parents are so busy with their hectic life that they do not provide the support and guidance to their young teenagers. They do not teach them to make decisions on sex related issues and various other problems that their teens are facing. When a teen feels that their parents are too busy to talk to them about such issues or another reason is that they ate forbidden sex talk. Either of the above, she will turn to her friends for advise on whether to have sex or not to have, resulting in misinformation. This leads to possible teen pregnancy.
- Glamorization of Pregnancy
The media and the movie industry contribute to teenage pregnancy by glamorizing it in movies or news stories. According to the ABC’s “Good Morning America” – “ certain movies depict teenage pregnancy as a thing to be desired, which encourages the teens to engage themselves in reckless sexual activity.” During adolescence, teens are more focused on the way they appear and how their peers perceive them. They just feel that if teen pregnancy is considered as a positive thing in their school or among their friends, then they seek to become pregnant as a way to get the social acceptance.
- Lack of Knowledge
Teenagers who are not educated about sex have more chances of having an unplanned pregnancy. Some do not understand the emotional and biological aspects that are associated with a sexual activity. Teens get incorrect information from movies, videos, sitcoms, and friends lastly. Many of the times, teens do not even have proper knowledge to make responsible decisions on whether to engage themselves in a sexual activity, which can actually change their life Topsy turvy.
- Sexual Abuse or Rape
Teenagers can become pregnant as a result of rape or sexual abuse. According to the Guttmacher Institute, states that around 43 and 62% of teens have acknowledged the fact that they were impregnated by adult males. Nearly 2/3rds have reported that the father of their babies are as old as 27. Nearly 5% of all the teen births are a result of rape.
- Teenage Drinking
Teen drinking is another cause that results in an unintended pregnancy. Most of the teens experiment with alcohol and drugs. Use of drugs and drinking alcohol can lower the ability of a teen control her impulses. This is another reason that contributes to about 75% of pregnancies that happen between the ages of 14 and 21. Nearly 91% of the pregnant teens have reported that they were drinking during that time, but did not plan to have sex and that it happened unknowingly.
These are some of the leading causes of teen pregnancy. Whatever might be the reason for teenage pregnancy, it does change the life of a teenage girl completely upside down. So, do think twice before you indulge in a sexual activity, especially when you are a teenager.